Floodwater that contains contaminants and viruses is considered black water, and this type of water presents a serious risk of illnesses for those inside the home. Sewage that can back up into your home is a type of black water, so homeowners who experience this need to have it fixed quickly. Knowing what causes this can help homeowners prevent sewage backup in basements in Springfield Missouri.
There are several main causes for sewage backups, including clogs in the pipes, tree roots, damaged sewer lines, and heavy rainfall.
Clogs in the Pipes
If the home’s pipes or main sewer line becomes clogged, sewage can back up into the home. If there is just one toilet creating the backup, then the clog is likely in the drain connected to that toilet. If everything is back up, however, then the clog is likely in the main sewer line for the home.
Tree Roots in the Sewer Line
Tree roots tend to extend far from the tree itself, and the roots can eventually grow into the pipe and cause holes or grow around it and crush the sewer line. Since roots can grow far from a tree, the tree causing the issue may not even be in the yard.
Cracked or Damaged Sewer Lines
Old pipes were made from materials that didn’t last very long, like cast iron or clay. As these pipes age, they can crack and start to breakdown, which can cause sewage backups in homes or flooding in the basement. Today, plastic sewer lines are common because these don’t break down as easily or as quickly.
The city’s sewer lines are designed to handle quite a bit at one time, but they can be overburdened with a large amount of rain. If the public sewer is not able to handle all of the rain coming down, the water can get into the connected sewer lines. If it continues to fill, homes are at risk of water backflows.
Preventing Sewage Backups
While homeowners might not be able to prevent all sewer backups, some things can be done that will help.
- Avoid Pouring Grease Down the Drain – Grease from cooking can solidify inside the pipes, which means debris can’t go down as easily and the drain quickly clogs. Instead, pour it in a safe container and throw it away once it’s solid.
- Avoid Flushing Hygiene Products – Hygiene products such as diapers, paper towels, or feminine products should never be flushed as they can clog the sewer line. Instead, throw these items in the trash.
- Prevent Tree Root Damage – Tree roots can be cut before they reach the sewer lines buried in the yard. If the sewer line is older, replace it with a new plastic pipe, so it doesn’t break down.
- Invest in Backwater Prevention Valves – Backwater Prevention Valves help keep sewage from backing up into the home. This can be installed in the sewer line or a drain line in the basement.
If sewage backup does occur in your home, you could be at risk of contracting serious diseases by handling it on your own. If you ever experience sewer water damage inside your home, call the professionals at PuroClean Certified Restoration in Springfield, Missouri to do the job right.